• L2 reading research

    Keywords: cross-linguistic transfer, morphological awareness, Chinese and English

    Reviewed by S. Ke & F. Xiao (2015) in Language Awareness:

    1. Cheung, H., Chung, K. K. H., Wong, S. W. L., McBride-Chang, C., Penney, T. B., Ho, C. S. -H. (2010). Speech perception, metalinguistic awareness, reading, and vocabulary in Chinese-English bilingual children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 102(2), 367-380.
    2. Pasquarella, A., Chen, X., Lam, K., & Luo, Y. C. (2011). Cross-language transfer of morphological awareness in Chinese-English bilinguals. Journal of Research in Reading, 34(1), 23-42.
    3. Wang, M., Cheng, C., & Chen, S. -W. (2006). Contribution of morphological awareness to Chinese_English biliteracy acquisition. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(3), 542-553.
    4. Wang, M., Yang, C., & Cheng, C. (2009). The contributions of phonology, orthography, and morphology in Chinese-English biliteracy acquisition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 20, 291-314.
    5. Yeh, Y. -F. (2010). The cross-linguistic morphological awareness transfer: The development of Chinese-speaking adolescent learners’ English morphological awareness. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University.
    6. Zhang, D., & Koda, K. (2013). Morphological awareness and reading comprehension in a foreign language: A study of young Chinese EFL learners. System, 41, 901-913.
    7. Zhang, D., & Koda, K. (2014). Awareness of derivation and compounding in Chinese-English biliteracy acquisition. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 17, 55-73.
    8. Zhang, D., Koda, K., & Sun, X. (2014). Morphological awareness in biliteracy acquisition: A study of young Chinese EFL readers. International Journal of Bilingualism, 18(6), 570-585.
  • L2 Chinese LEARNING & TEACHING (ongoing)


    1. Bai, X., Liang, F., Blythe, H. I., Zang, C., Yan, G., & Liversedge, S. P. (2013). Interword spacing effects on the acquisition of new vocabulary for readers of Chinese as a second language. Journal of Research in Reading36, S4-S17.
    2. Cheng, Z. (2000) Word structure and vocabulary acquisition: Theory and application to mandarin Chinese as a second/foreign language. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Florida.
    3. Kim, J. (2015). The Effect of various word treatments on Chinese vocabulary comprehension during multimedia language learning. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Brigham Young University.
    4. Koda, K. & Ke, S. (2018). 外语词语习得能力 的培养 [Promoting vocabulary learning competence in a foreign language]. 国际汉语教学研究 [ Journal of International Chinese Teaching], 18(4), 36-40.
    5. Lan, Y. J., Fang, S. Y., Legault, J., & Li, P. (2015). Second language acquisition of Mandarin Chinese vocabulary: Context of learning effects. Educational Technology Research and Development63(5), 671-690.
    6. Lee, C. H., & Kalyuga, S. (2011). Effectiveness of different pinyin presentation formats in learning Chinese characters: A cognitive load perspective. Language Learning61(4), 1099-1118.
    7. Liu, X. (2013). Investigations into Chinese vocabulary learning strategies by learners of Chinese as a foreign language in United States of institutions of higher education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Boston University.
    8. Shen, H. H. (2008a). 认知理论及其在汉语作为二语的字词教学中的应用 [Cognitive theories and their application in Chinese vocabulary instruction Studies of Chinese Characters]. 中国文字研究 [The Study of Chinese Characters], 10 (1), 149-158.
    9. Shen, H. H. (2008b). An analysis of word decision strategies among learners of Chinese, Foreign Language Annals, 41, 501-524.
    10. Shen, H. H. (2009). Size and Strength: Written vocabulary acquisition among advanced learners. 世界汉语教学[Chinese Teaching in the World ], 23 (1), 74-85.
    11. Xiao, R., Rayson, P., & McEnery, T. (2015). A frequency dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core vocabulary for learners. Routledge.
    12. Xu, Y., Chang, L. Y., Zhang, J., & Perfetti, C. A. (2013). Reading, writing, and animation in character learning in Chinese as a foreign language. Foreign Language Annals46(3), 423-444.
    13. Wilujeng, N. C. S., & Lan, Y. J. (2015). Online Comic in Mandarin Chinese's Vocabulary Learning: A Case Study of Budi Utama Multilingual School in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. IAFOR Journal of Education3(2), 31-52.
    14. Wong, L. H., King, R. B., Chai, C. S., & Liu, M. (2016). Seamlessly learning Chinese: contextual meaning making and vocabulary growth in a seamless Chinese as a second language learning environment. Instructional science44(5), 399-422.
    15. Zhang, H. (2016). Does morphology play an important role in L2 Chinese vocabulary acquisition?. Foreign Language Annals49(2), 384-402.
    16. Zhou, N. (2008). The study of minimum basic vocabulary in non-native environment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. China: Shandong University.
    17. Zhou, W. (2013). A singing approach to shared reading: The effects upon U.S. kindergarteners’ Chinese vocabulary acquisition and retention. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Michigan State University.


    1. Xing, J. (2010). Pronunciation. In Xing, J. (Ed.), Teaching and Learning Chinese Foreign Language: A pedagogical Grammar (pp.87-100). Hong Kong University Press.
    2. Godfroid, A., Lin, C. H., & Ryu, C. (2017). Hearing and seeing tone through color: An efficacy study of web‐based, multimodal Chinese tone perception training. Language Learning, 67(4), 819-857.


    Task-based teaching & learning

    1. Lu, S. (2011). Using Tasks Effectively to Teach Chinese as a Foreign Language to College Students in the USA. Unpublished Master thesis. NJ: Seton Hall University.
    2. Du, X., & Kirkebæk, M. J. (Eds.). (2012). Exploring task-based PBL in Chinese teaching and learning. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

    K-12 curriculum and instruction

    1. Ke, S. (2018, November). A survey and evaluation of K-12 Chinese textbook usage in the U.S. In Ke, S. (Chair), Liu, G., Wang, H. & Gu, Z., Curriculum Assessment for High School Level Chinese Education in the U.S. Session conducted at the 2018 ACTFL Annual Convention and World Languages Expo, Louisiana. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tATLddHmiWsl9RwdvvGpbdtGTYk9Pdvz/view?usp=sharing